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Competence description VQTS:

3.6.a Is able to provide BLS according to resuscitation guidelines    

  
Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver skilfully and safely provides Basic Life Support (BLS) in an emergency according to resuscitation guidelines. This is done autonomously and independently.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • recognise cardiac arrest,
  • recognise respiratory arrest,
  • assess a person for responsiveness,
  • assess state of consciousness (e.g. Glasgow Coma Scale),
  • assess breathing and circulation of an unconscious person,
  • trigger or carry out the emergency call,
  • recognise severe airway obstruction and bring patient/client into appropriate position,
  • identify and remove foreign bodies from airway,
  • insert oropharyngeal airway,
  • perform the Heimlich manoeuvre on persons,
  • apply sufficient cardiac massage according to the guidelines (e.g. to infants, to adults),
  • attach defibrillation electrodes and defibrillation electrode pads,
  • apply automated external defibrillation with automated external defibrillators,
  • apply mouth-to-nose/mouth-to-mouth ventilation,
  • connect the pieces of a ventilation device (e.g. Ambu® Mask),
  • apply device-to-mouth ventilation (e.g. Ambu® Bag),
  • place a person in the recovery position,
  • position patient/client with suspected cervical spine injury.
 

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences regarding BLS (see also CA.B.3),
  • explain cardiac arrest and its effects,
  • explain respiratory arrest and its effects,
  • explain different states of awareness (e.g. unconscious, somnolent, conscious),
  • name emergency numbers (e.g. public, in-house),
  • describe how to check an airway,
  • describe the Heimlich manoeuvre principles,
  • name points at which the pulse can be determined (e.g. arteria carotis, arteria femoralis),
  • explain physiology of breathing,
  • describe the technique of mouth-to-mouth/mouth-to-nose ventilation,
  • describe the technique of device-to-mouth ventilation,
  • explain the technique of cardiac massage (e.g. amount of pressure according to the patient’s/client’s age),
  • explain the recovery position and describe the positioning of patients/clients with cardiac arrest,
  • explain how to operate automated external defibrillators,
  • name useful medical equipment,
  • explain precautions of cervical spine injury in emergency cases.

 

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