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Competence description VQTS:
3.6.a   To be able to provide BLS according to resuscitation guidelines.    
Competence SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver provides
Basic Life Support (BLS) in an
emergency according to resuscitation guidelines skilfully and safely. This is done autonomously and self-responsibly. 

































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • recognise cardiac arrest,
  • recognise respiratory arrest,
  • assess a person for responsiveness,
  • assess state of consciousness (e.g. Glasgow Coma Scale),
  • assess breathing and circulation of an unconscious person,
  • trigger or realise the emergency call,
  • recognise severe airway obstruction and bring patient’s/client’s in appropriate position,
  • identify and remove foreign bodies from airway,
  • insert oropharyngeal airway,
  • perform the Heimlich manoeuvre on persons,
  • apply sufficient cardiac massage according the guidelines (e.g. to infants, to adults),
  • attach defibrillation electrodes and defibrillation electrode pads,
  • apply automated external defibrillation with automated external defibrillators,
  • apply mouth to nose/mouth to mouth ventilation,
  • connect the pieces of a ventilation device (e.g. Ambu® Mask),
  • apply devise to mouth ventilation (e.g. Ambu® Bag),
  • position a person in recovery position,
  • position patient/client with suspected cervical spine injury.


The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences regarding BLS (see also CA.B.3),
  • explain cardiac arrest and its effects,
  • explain respiratory arrest and its effects,
  • explain different states of awareness (e.g. unconscious, somnolent, conscious),
  • name emergency numbers (e.g. public, in-house),
  • describe the check of one’s airway,
  • describe the Heimlich manoeuvre principles,
  • name points at which the pulse can be determined (e.g. arteria carotis, arteria femoralis),
  • explain physiology of breathing,
  • describe the technique of mouth to mouth/mouth to nose ventilation,
  • describe the technique of devise to mouth ventilation,
  • explain the technique of cardiac massage (e.g. depth of pressure according to the patient’s/client’s age),
  • explain the recovery position and describe the positioning of patient’s/client’s with cardiac arrest,
  • explain the mode of operation of automated external defibrillators,
  • name useful medical equipment,
  • explain precautions of cervical spine injury in emergency cases.

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