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Learning outcomes descriptions 4.2.a

Competence development step (VQTS):

4.2.a Is able to clean, disinfect, sterilise and store medical instruments according to sterility rules.

Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge
The professional caregiver autonomously and self-responsibility performs cleaning, disinfecting, sterilisation and storing of medical instruments.

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • clean, disinfect and sterilise medical instruments (e.g. manual and machine cleaning, disinfect, flush and dry),
  • clean, disinfect and if applicable sterilise medical equipment using special cleaning devices (e.g. different endoscopes, ultrasonic probe, electrophysical ablation catheter),
  • work with different disinfectants (see also CA.4.1),
  • operate sterilisers (e.g. steam steriliser),
  • apply hygienic working methods,
  • package medical instruments according to predetermined lists (e.g. soft/hard packaging, sieve carrier),
  • act on principles of self-protection and occupational safety (e.g. vaccinations, protective clothing and behaviour),
  • control the quality of reprocessed sterile goods and inventory taking and recognise proper sterilisation indicators on sterilised items (e.g. packaging, storing periods),
  • cooperate with customers and suppliers (e.g. fill in delivery notes, order materials),
  • store medical equipment in a dry place and avoid contamination.

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • describe rules of disinfection and decontamination,
  • describe different methods of cleaning medical instruments (e.g. manual, chemical cleaning),
  • name the five steps of reprocessing of medical instruments (e.g. disassembly, decontamination, cleaning and assembly of items, packaging, sterilisation and storage),
  • name different disinfectants and their field of application (see also CA.4.1),
  • name different sterilisation procedures (e.g. physical, chemical),
  • list various medical instruments (e.g. medical scissors, forceps, clamps, pair of pincers),
  • describe different classes of medical equipment (e.g. semi-critical, critical),
  • describe microbiology and the principle of the spread of germs,
  • explain the relationship between sterilisation practices and the risk of infections to the patient/client,
  • name underlying laws and provisions and their application within the facility,
  • explain behaviour when dealing with injuries with infectious materials.

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