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Learning outcomes descriptions 4.1.b

Competence development step (VQTS):

4.1.b Is able to guide and supervise the correct application of hygiene regulations.    

Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver is autonomously and independently able to care for patients/clients with multi-resistant germs, isolate them according to hygiene rules, and advise others with regard to applying hygiene standards.

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • identify patient’s/client’s need for isolation and choose appropriate procedures (e.g. MRE infection),
  • use disinfectants with special effects (e.g. with viricidal effects in patients/clients with herpes),
  • act on principles of infection control by separating vulnerable patients/clients (e.g. move patients/clients into another room, cohort isolation),
  • sort and arrange medical instruments according to their risk assessment,
  • use sterile medical devices (e.g. bladder catheters) in a sterile procedure,
  • apply sterile procedures (e.g. when performing injections and infusions),
  • monitor and guide other professionals to ensure they comply with hygiene procedures (e.g. hand washing, using personal protective equipment),
  • use germicidal lamps.

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • name different natures and kinds of germs (e.g. bacteria, viruses, funguses, salmonella, MRSA, candida albicans, Norovirus, HIV),
  • name germ-related actions of disinfectants (e.g. bactericidal, tuberculocidal, mycobactericidal, sporicidal, fungicidal, viricidal),
  • name risk groups for infections (e.g. patients/clients after prolonged hospitalisation, with antibiotic therapy, with invasive drains and therapies, with decubitus, new-borns and elderly people),
  • explain the term cohort isolation,
  • describe characteristics of infections and their development (e.g. local signs such as redness, swelling, temperature elevation),
  • describe the concept of reverse isolation (e.g. in the case of strongly immunocompromised patients/clients in oncology),
  • sort different medical instruments to different risk groups (e.g. uncritical for external use, semi-critical for mucous membrane application and critical for skin penetration),
  • explain invasive procedures for preserving sterility (e.g. install a bladder catheter),
  • explain the preparation of an infusion solution with regard to sterility (see also CA.3.2).

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