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Learning outcomes descriptions 3.4.a

Competence description VQTS:
3.4.a   To be able to assist in assessing and taking care of stomas according to prescription.     

The professional caregiver is able to assist in assessing and caring for different kinds of stomata.



































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • be aware of conditions of the patient/client that result from stoma and to support the patient/client in self-esteem and body image protection,
  • accept stomata and stoma care as a part of excretion (see also CA.2.4)
  • involve the patient/client and relevant others in the supporting of stomata,
  • assist in choosing, preparing and applying of equipment for stoma care (e.g. one-piece kits, two-piece kits, supplementary kits),
  • assist in the performance of care of diverse types of stomata of the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. removing and applying stoma bags),
  • assist in administering of nutrition through percutaneous enteral gastrostomy (see also CA.2.2),
  • assist in the performance of irrigation into stomata,
  • assist in the performance of care of diverse types of stomata of the urinary system (e.g. removing and applying urostomy bags),
  • assist in the performance of care of tracheostomy,
  • assist in the applying of tracheostomy care for mechanical ventilated patient’s/client’s,
  • assist in wound care for stoma care (e.g. to identify and to report skin problems and to provide adequate care),
  • classify contaminated materials and dressings and dispose appropriately (see also CA.4.1),
  • assist in the care for patient’s/client’s before and after surgery,
  • assist in the stoma documentation (see also CA.A.2),
  • collaborate with other professionals in stoma care (e.g. stoma nurse).

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain special conditions of patient’s/client’s with stomata and one’s own behaviour regarding mental situation of the patient/client,
  • name different stomata (e.g. Percutaneous Enteral Gastrostomy, ileostomy, colostomy, urostomy, nephrostomy, uretero-cutaneostomy, ileum-conduit, cystostomy, Kock reservoir, tracheostomy),
  • explain the appearance of a properly treated stoma,
  • describe the treatment of irrigating stomata (see also CA.2.4),
  • explain techniques to involve patient’s/client’s resources regarding stoma care.

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