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Learning outcomes descriptions 3.3.b

Competence description VQTS:

3.3.b Is able to

  • assess wounds,
  • apply and change wound dressings according to prescription.    
Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver is able to autonomously and independently assess wounds and apply wound dressings according to prescription. 































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • assess wound parameters and collect wound swabs (e.g. size, depth, colour, drainage, smell, tunnels),
  • apply different types of dressings for various kinds of wounds (e.g. dry sterile dressing, hydrocolloid dressing, saline-moistened dressings, Steri-Strips, Montgomery straps, abdominal binder),
  • rinse and clean wounds (e.g. sterile irrigation of pressure ulcers),
  • remove sutures and surgical staples,
  • apply different techniques of wound care (e.g. tape, bandage, pouching),
  • apply special wound treatments (e.g. heat, cold, oxygen therapy, negative pressure device),
  • manage and maintain all kinds of wound drains (e.g. Penrose, Jackson Pratt, Hemovac, Davol, T-Tube),
  • empty and change stoma bags and perform stoma care (e.g. change the base of stoma appliances),
  • develop trusting professional relationship with patients/clients and their relatives in applying plans for prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers and other types of wounds,
  • recognise changes in wounds and react and document accordingly (see also CA.A.2),
  • use pressure ulcer risk assessment scales (see also CA.1.1),
  • perform primary care for wounds,
  • identify complications in wound healing and react appropriately,
  • care for surgical and operational wounds (e.g. burst abdomen),
  • handle complications to treated wounds.

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences regarding wound care (see also CA.B.3),
  • describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin and name factors that affects skin integrity,
  • name factors that affect wound healing,
  • describe wound healing stages (e.g. granulation, epithelisation),
  • name the elements of assessment of wounds and pressure ulcers,
  • name the risk assessment scales for pressure ulcers (see also CA.1.1),
  • name products and equipment needed to care for wounds and pressure ulcers,
  • describe the physiology of pain and differentiate between individual pain experiences,
  • describe different wounds and their development (e.g. abscesses, phlegmon, lymphangitis, lymphadenitis, folliculitis, furunculus, carbuncles, erysipelas, hidradenitis, unguis incarnates, bursitis),
  • describe different wound dressing techniques,
  • describe wound healing disorders (e.g. haematoma, seroma, wound separation, infection of wound),
  • name special bandages in different stages of pressure ulcers and necrotic wounds (e.g. absorbing surface, silver inlay),
  • describe possible complications associated with wound healing in surgical and operational wounds (e.g. burst abdomen),
  • name wound documentation policies and procedures (e.g. weekly description of wounds, taking pictures) (see also CA.A.2),
  • explain special techniques of wound care and wound treatment (e.g. taping, using warmth, using leeches),
  • describe the stages of pressure ulcers (see also CA.1.1),
  • describe types and effects of various drainages (e.g. T-Drain, Redon drainage),
  • describe how to change the self-adhesive base of stomas (see also CA.3.4).


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