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Learning outcomes descriptions 3.2.a

Competence description VQTS:

3.2.a Is able to administer oral and subcutaneous medication according to prescription.       

Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver autonomously and independently prepares and administers oral and subcutaneous medications according to medical prescription. 



































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • involve the patient/client and relevant others in administering medications,
  • access the medication administration system according to local protocols,
  • order and distribute medications through the local supply system,
  • choose the appropriate medications to administer to the right patient/client according to prescription,
  • perform calculations and convert medicine measurement units and calculate volume and strength of doses,
  • apply safety procedures in administering medications (e.g. storage, hygiene, self-protective equipment as appropriate, disposing appropriately of waste such as needles and drug waste) (see also CA.4.3),
  • administer and document medications that require special documentation,
  • prepare and administer various kinds of medication (e.g. for eye/ear/nose, oral, rectal, vaginal, inhalation, transdermal, intradermal, subcutaneous),
  • determine that a gastric tube is in the right position and administer medications through gastric tubes and use the right amount of fluids (see also CA.2.2),
  • identify, gather, and prepare equipment and supplies for injectable medication,
  • check prepared medications for correctness (e.g. correct medicine, correct dosage),
  • recognise patient’s/client’s response to medication, most common adverse drug reactions/side effects -and react accordingly (e.g. anaphylaxis, allergic shock),
  • recognise the right of the patient to refuse to receive medications and emphasise respect for dignity and privacy of patient/client,
  • identify patient's/client's techniques for avoiding taking medication (e.g. concealing pills under tongue),
  • determine that medications were taken,
  • determine patient/client problems with swallowing (see also CA.1.1),
  • ensure the right patient/client is given the right medicine,
  • question a medication order (e.g. consult drug guide)
  • document according to guidelines (see also CA.A.2). 



The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences of medications (see also CA.B.3),
  • explain the meaning of quality regarding medication (see also CA.A.3),
  • describe principles of medication administration (e.g. storage, order, ensure the right patient/client is given the right medicine),
  • name and distinguish between different qualities of medications (e.g. pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, classifications and actions, contraindications, interactions, side effects, precautions, adverse effects, types of orders, generic and trade names of drugs),
  • explain the indications of different oral and subcutaneous medications (e.g. blood pressure medications, anticoagulants, medicines for heart rhythm),
  • describe their own behaviour when encountering questions about medication (e.g. dosage, preparation, administration techniques),
  • name methods for converting units and calculating doses and describe principles of proper and safe preparation of medications,
  • list normal and abnormal appearance of patient/client (e.g. skin, sublingual, buccal area, eye, outer ear, ear canal, nose canal),
  • describe their own behaviour when dealing with side effects and adverse reactions,
  • describe the right position for patients/clients when administering medication (e.g. medications administered into eye, ear, nose, subcutaneous),
  • explain the administration of medications through a gastric tube and limitations,
  • describe anatomical locations for injections of medications as well as injection techniques (e.g. subcutaneous, intradermal),
  • explain appropriate skin disinfection techniques and procedures (see also CA.4.1),
  • describe the documentation of medications with special documentation requirements,
  • name reasons for patient’s/client‘s refusal to accept medication,
  • describe how to check medication has been taken,
  • describe the difference between the drug name and various drug trade names (e.g. different generics with the same active agent),
  • explain the importance of swallowing investigations regarding administering medications (see also CA.1.1).

Competence description HCEU matrix:

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