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Learning outcomes descriptions 3.1.a

Competence description VQTS:

To be able to

  • prepare and support patient’s/client’s for medical treatments and diagnostic tests according to prescription,
  • assist in preparing of medical devices and materials,
  • collect and assist in collecting patient’s/client’s specimens for treatments.        
Competence SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver is able to implement the preparation of the patient/client in medical treatments and diagnostic test and to assist caregivers in the preparation of treatments as well as handle specimens. This is done autonomously and self-responsibly but according to instructions.





































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • involve the patient/client and relevant others in the procedure,
  • identify the patient/client uniquely,
  • perform in assessment of patient’s/client’s (see also CA.1.1),
  • prepare the patient/client for treatments according to guidelines and individual treatment plan,
  • handle and apply all equipment for a physical treatment (e.g. stethoscope with bell and diaphragm, wristwatch with second hand, blood pressure cuff, ophthalmoscope, otoscope set, eye chart, pocket flashlight, tongue blades, percussion hammer, tuning fork, Bivalve vaginal speculum),
  • implement basic medical treatments and diagnostic tests (e.g. physical treatment, measurement of vital parameters),
  • collect biological specimens according to guidelines (e.g. midstream urine, stool, sputum),
  • clean working areas and to prepare for the next treatment (see also CA.4.1),
  • offer safety while considering the day’s schedule of the department and to apply on changes,
  • prepare the work places for following treatments of patient’s/client’s regarding the treatment (e.g. sterilised materials),
  • label specimens correctly and to safely store and transport them to the appropriate laboratories,
  • assist other caregivers in diagnostic tests,
  • perform in BLS (see also CA.3.6),
  • prepare patient’s/client’s for special treatments (e.g. endoscopic treatments) and for medical diagnostic tests (e.g. Ultrasound, X-ray),
  • recognise if the patient/client is suffering from pain and to apply pain scales (e.g. numerical pain scale, Wong-Baker Faces pain rating scale, McGill Pain Questionnaire),
  • monitor and care for patients/clients during and after basic procedures and document the process (see also CA.A.1),
  • assist attending physician in a physical treatment of patient’s/client’s (e.g. inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, gastric fluid analysis),
  • perform urine treatments (e.g. dipstick for protein, blood, sugar).

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences regarding diagnostic procedures and medical treatments (see also CA.B.3),
  • explain procedures for basic medical treatments and diagnostic tests (e.g. physical treatment, measurement of blood pressure, endoscopic treatment, ultrasound, X- ray),
  • name basic structures and functions of the human organs (e.g. lungs, heart, liver, intestinal tract),
  • list normal values of basic treatments and diagnostic tests (e.g. Arterial blood pressure, full blood count, urine analysis),
  • identify, list and describe the correct use of equipment for a physical treatment (e.g. stethoscope, reflex hammer),
  • describe appropriate techniques of a physical treatment (e.g. inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation),
  • name principles of infection control and to explain methods of germ-free working and cleaning methods for reusable equipment (see also CA.4.1),
  • describe principles of communicating with and teaching patient’s/client’s (see also CA.6.1 and CA.6.2),
  • describe the physiology of pain and differentiate between different pain experiences,
  • describe verbal and non-verbal behaviours of patient’s/client’s that indicate anxiety (see also CA.6.1),
  • describe techniques of relieving anxiety in patient’s/client’s,
  • list techniques to promote cooperation and participation of patient’s/client’s,
  • name treatments with special diet forms (e.g. stomach reflection),
  • name necessary medications used during physical treatment and basic diagnostic procedures (e.g. iodine based agents and their risks and side effects),
  • describe techniques for special patient’s/client’s to perform physical treatments (e.g. gerontologic or juvenile patient’s/client’s),
  • recognise age related changes in the systems (e.g. urinary system, muscular system, circulatory system, nervous system, skin, homeostasis system),
  • describe principles to prevent contamination of specimens (e.g. smear, blood collection),
  • describe correct labelling, safe storage and transportation rules of all kind of specimens,
  • describe techniques of collecting patient’s/client’s specimens and list legislations and policies for collecting patient’s/client’s specimens (e.g. patient’s/client’s agreement in HIV-test),
  • describe symptoms of allergic reactions on anaesthetics and or antiseptic agents,
  • list principles to protect oneself and others from irradiation exposure,
  • explain different positioning of patient’s/client’s for basic examining and diagnostic procedures (e.g. sitting, lying),
  • explain and recognise possible complications of patient’s/client’s within different basic procedures of examining and diagnostic (e.g. shock, loss of blood),
  • explain measures to prevent complications and to support patient’s/client’s complications (e.g. high-up patient’s/client’s legs in case of shock, bring patient in a stable side position),
  • explain positioning and activity restrictions after basic procedures (e.g. bed rest, drive restrictions after special medication),
  • describe the technique to perform an ECG (see also CA.3.4),
  • explain patient’s/client’s preparation of radiological imaging methods (e.g. ingestion of contrast agents, physical basis for non-invasive and invasive radiological imaging methods),
  • list different methods of radiological diagnostics (e.g. Computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging).

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